Bar-Ilan’s BESA Center regularly publishes Perspectives Papers, which provide analysis from research associates and other outside experts on the most important issues pertaining to Israel and the Middle East.

In this regularly-updated, detailed analysis by Dr. Eado Hecht outlines a complex situation involving Israel, Iran, and Hamas, along with other regional actors, reflecting an intensification of military and geopolitical dynamics in the Middle East. Over the past six weeks, there has been a significant escalation in Israeli airstrikes against Iranian and allied positions in Syria, which peaked with the killing of high-ranking Iranian officers. In retaliation, Iran executed a substantial missile and drone attack on Israel, marking its first direct military action from Iranian territory.

The strikes involved a sophisticated multi-wave attack strategy, overwhelming Israeli missile defenses and demonstrating a coordinated effort among Iran and its proxies, including Hezbollah and Iraqi militias. Meanwhile, in Gaza, ongoing low-intensity conflicts and Israeli tactical withdrawals have been reported, alongside contentious humanitarian issues exacerbated by Hamas’s control and alleged mismanagement of aid resources.

The situation also encompasses ongoing negotiations between Israel and Hamas regarding hostages, with Hamas demanding significant concessions. Additionally, regional responses, including American and British defensive support for Israel, and continued unrest in Lebanese territories involving Hezbollah, are highlighted.

The report underscores the severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza, complicated by Hamas’s governance and alleged diversion of aid, and describes Israel’s efforts to manage and facilitate humanitarian assistance amidst ongoing conflict. This overview encapsulates a complex and volatile regional conflict that involves direct military engagements, geopolitical maneuvering, and deep humanitarian concerns.

Click here if you would like to read the full article.