On May 5, India and Iran renewed their partnership at Chabahar Port in southeastern Iran, a strategic move allowing India to bypass Pakistan and challenge China’s port dominance. This 10-year agreement, following over 20 years of fluctuating negotiations due to sanctions on Iran, enhances India’s access to Central Asia and Northern Europe. Historically, Indo-Iranian relations have seen periods of both cooperation and tension, influenced by energy trade and geopolitical shifts, particularly involving China. Despite these complexities, India’s balanced foreign policy under Prime Minister Narendra Modi maintains strong ties with both Iran and Israel, prioritizing national interests. The Chabahar Port Agreement signifies a strategic and economic boon for India, facilitating faster and cheaper trade routes and energy security, and bolstering its geopolitical influence. This development is not expected to impact India’s relations with Israel or its compliance with U.S. sanctions on Iran.
For a deeper exploration of these dynamics and their implications, click here to read the full article written by Dr. Lauren Dagan Amos.